Grammar

Comparison (3)

Regular comparatives

Regular comparatives are formed as follows:

Positive: basic form (e.g. billig)
Comparative: adjective + -er (e.g. billiger)
Superlative: am + adjective + -sten (e.g. am billigsten)

 

Die Fußbälle sind billig.
Die Basketbälle sind billiger.
Die Tennisbälle sind am billigsten.

 

Irregular comparatives: adjectives ending in -el and -er

All adjectives that end in -el and many adjectives that end in -er  lose the e before the comparative ending. The superlative construction, however, is regular.

  • dunkel < dunkler < am dunkelsten
  • teuer < teurer < am teuersten

 

Der Tischtennisschläger ist nicht teuer.
Der Tennisschläger ist teurer.
Der Golfschläger ist am teuersten.

 

Grammatical terms in German:

der Positiv: The positive is the basic form of the adjective. We use it to describe qualities of people or things. 

Komparativ: The comparative is the ranking of an adjective that compares two things to express a difference, e.g. schneller, wärmer, besser.

der Superlativ: The superlative is the highest form of an adjective comparison. It describes the greatest degree of a particular quality, e.g. am schnellsten, am wärmsten, am besten.

Grammar