You already know the modal verbs müssen, können, wollen and möchten. Next you will learn the modal verb sollen. As with the other modal verbs, it refers to a second verb, the main verb.
We use sollen to report a request or an order to do something.
Nico's mother says: Nico, räum dein Zimmer auf!
But Nico doesn't want to tidy his room and stays where he is. So his brother says: Nico, hast du nicht gehört? Du sollst dein Zimmer aufräumen!
Unlike the other modal verbs, sollen does not have a vowel change in conjugation. The first and third person are the same.
|1st person||ich soll|
|2nd person||du sollst|
|3rd person||er/sie/es/man soll|
|1st person||wir sollen|
|2nd person||ihr sollt|
|3rd person||sie sollen|
Grammatical terms in German:das Modalverb: Modal verbs are verbs that often refer to a second verb and add information. They clarify, for example, whether it is possible or necessary to do something. In a sentence in the present tense, the modal verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive.