Pronouns

Revision: personal pronouns and reflexive pronouns

You already know the personal pronouns and the reflexive pronouns. In the first- and second-person singular and plural, the personal pronouns and the reflexive pronouns are identical. There are differences only in the third-person singular and plural.
Take another look at the differences.


Accusative:
Max und Tarek forgot the anniversary. Nico reminds them about it:
Nico erinnert sie an das Jubiläum. (The subject is not identical to the accusative object.)

Max und Tarek have not forgotten the celebration. Max und Tarek remember it:
Max und Tarek erinnern sich an das Jubiläum. (The subject is identical to the accusative object.)

 

Personal
pronouns

Reflexive
pronouns

mich
dich
ihn
sie
es

mich
dich
sich
sich
sich

uns
euch
ihnen
Ihnen

uns
euch
sich
sich





 

Dative:
Nico is looking for a job. Tarek hopes that he finds a job soon:
Tarek wünscht ihm viel Erfolg. (The subject is not identical to the dative object.)


Nico has a birthday soon. Nico would like to have a party:
Nico wünscht sich eine Party mit vielen Gästen – besonders mit Selma! (The subject is identical to the dative object.)
 

Personal
pronouns

Reflexive
pronouns

mir
dir
ihm
ihr
ihm

mir
dir
sich
sich
sich

uns
euch
ihnen
Ihnen

uns
euch
sich
sich




 

Grammatical terms in German:


Das Personalpronomen: Personal pronouns refer to people or things. The words ich, du and Sie are examples of personal pronouns.


Das Reflexivpronomen: Reflexive verbs are used with reflexive pronouns. This reflexive pronoun relates back to the subject. The basic form of the reflexive pronoun is sich.