Sentence construction: Statements

In a simple statement the conjugated verb has a fixed position. It is always in second position. The position of the subject is freer. It often comes at the beginning of the sentence, before the conjugated verb.

However, other parts of the sentence can also come at the beginning, in order to stress them. These are often details about time or place. Then the subject comes after the conjugated verb, i.e. in third position.

Example: Time detail: jetzt


Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A1_E4_L3_S2_Foto1
Image: DW


Example: Place detail: in Frankreich*


Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A1_E4_L3_S2_Foto2
Image: DW


*In this case the place detail consists of two words. Since these two words belong together they stand together in first position. The verb comes in second position here too.


Sometimes other sentence parts also come in first position.


Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A1_E4_L3_S2_Foto3
Image: DW