Regular verbs in the simple past
The simple past is the verb tense used when something happened in the past. It is mainly used in written language, for example, in newspapers or books.
You already know the simple past of the auxiliary verbs sein and haben, and that of the modal verbs. Just like with modal verbs, regular verbs in the simple past are made by adding -te- to the root verb, followed by the ending that corresponds to the person doing the action. In the first- and third-person singular, however, there is no additional personal ending after the -te.
An example of a regular verb is machen, which is conjugated like this:
|1st person||ich mache||ich machte|
|2nd person||du machst||du machtest|
|3rd person||er/sie/es macht||er/sie/es machte|
|1st person||wir machen||wir machten|
|2nd person||ihr macht||ihr machtet|
|3rd person||sie machen||sie machten|
|Formal||Sie machen||Sie machten|