Verbs: position/direction

Verbs of position + two-case preposition + dative

In German, there are several verbs that differentiate between a position or place and the spatial area that something is in. These verbs most often use a two-case preposition with the dative.

Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A2_E10_L3_S3_Foto1
Der Teddy sitzt auf dem Boden.

 

Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A2_E10_L3_S3_Foto2
Der Teddy liegt auf dem Boden.

 

Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A2_E10_L3_S3_Foto3
Der Teddy steht auf dem Boden.

 

Deutschkurse | Nicos Weg | Grammatik_A2_E10_L3_S3_Foto4
Der Teddy hängt an der Leine.

 

Directional verbs + accusative + two-case preposition + accusative

As well as the verbs listed above, there are verbs that designate where someone or something has been moved to. The person or the object that has been moved is the accusative object in the sentence or clause; the accusative also follows the two-case preposition.

Emma setzt den Teddy auf den Boden.
Selma legt den Teddy auf den Boden.
Nina stellt den Teddy auf den Boden.
Lisa hängt den Teddy auf die Leine.

 

The verb hängen

The verb hängen can be used in both cases: if the dative follows a two-case preposition, then it indicates a location, answering the question Wo ...? When the two-case preposition is used with the accusative, then hängen is expressing the direction of movement, as in responding to the question, to where? Wohin ...?

 

Summary:

Wo? Wohin?
sitzen setzen
liegen legen
stehen stellen
hängen hängen