Grammar

Adjective declension (3)

If an adjective directly precedes the noun that it describes, the ending of the adjective changes according to the noun. This change to the adjective is called adjective declension. There are three different declensions. What declension to use depends on the article before the noun: indefinite article, definite article or no article.

 

Adjective declension after the definite article

If the noun comes after a definite article, the adjective has the ending -e or -en.

You already know the endings of the adjectives in the nominative and the accusative:

  • Adjectives before nouns in the plural (nominative, accusative) have the ending -en.
  • In the accusative, adjectives before masculine nouns also have the ending -en.
  • Other adjectives have the ending -e.
Nominative
der Mantel: der schwarze Mantel
die Hose: die braune Hose
das Hemd: das weiße Hemd
die Schuhe: die neuen Schuhe

 

Accusative
den Mantel: den schwarzen Mantel
die Hose: die braune Hose
das Hemd: das weiße Hemd
die Schuhe: die neuen Schuhe

 

Adjective endings in the dative are simple: All adjectives have the ending -en.

Dative
dem Mantel: dem schwarzen Mantel
der Hose: der braunen Hose
dem Hemd: dem weißen Hemd
den Schuhen: den neuen Schuhen
Grammar